Learn more about CBD, Hemp and the most frequently asked questions that we have received from our customers. If you have a question that isn’t answered here please get in touch with us via our contact form.
CBD is short for cannabidiol, one of the molecules called phytocannabinoids found in the flowers, leaves and stems of the hemp plant. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is considered one of two primary cannabinoids in the hemp plant. The other primary cannabinoid is THC, which is the psychoactive cannabinoid found in high concentration in cannabis and in very low, almost negligible (0.3%) in the hemp plant. The hemp plant has a high concentration of CBD. There are over 80 plus identified cannabinoids in the hemp plant.
CBD is extracted, by various methods, from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant and is then mixed with carrier oils and is called CBD Oil. This oil is then formulated into tinctures and other CBD oil products.
Although these two terms are often mistakenly used to mean the same thing, in fact, they are not the same oil product from the hemp plant. Hemp oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant, and although it contains a treasure trove of nutritional value, the seeds do not contain CBD. CBD Oil is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant, which are rich in the phytocannabinoid CBD.
Full-Spectrum CBD oil means all of the cannabinoids, along with the terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids and other beneficial compounds in the plant are still present in the extracted oil.
Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil is the same as full-spectrum except all of the THC has been removed in the extraction process. Therefore, there is zero THC content in the CBD oil.
CBD Isolate is produced when the CBD molecule is ‘isolated’ from the plant and extracted. It is ‘pure CBD’ and is sold as a white powder or crystal. Since it is ONLY CBD, there is also zero THC. Isolate is CBD in its most concentrated form and can be used to infuse many products.
Terpenes are the essential oils that are found in the cannabis sativa and hemp plants. Terpenes are found in the oils of all plants. They are what give the plant its distinctive aroma and flavor. Terpenes also have beneficial effects and work synergistically with the cannabinoids and other compounds of the hemp plant to provide a full spectrum of therapeutic properties.
In 1998 two Israeli scientists coined this phrase, ‘The Entourage Effect’. The meaning of this explained their findings that taking the whole spectrum of the natural compounds, including the terpenes, flavonoids and fatty acids in the cannabis sativa plant were more beneficial than just taking one molecule.
The therapeutic benefits of CBD oil for human (and animal) health and well being are due to the interaction of CBD with the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a vast biological system of receptors on cells found throughout the body, in the brain, organs, muscles, tissues, skeletal system and immune system. The endocannabinoid system is a regulatory system that helps keep physiological and cognitive processes and responses in homeostasis (balance).
These processes include the sleep cycle, appetite, digestion, circadian rhythm, pain, stress response, body temperature, fertility and pregnancy.
The body naturally produces its own cannabinoids called endocannabinoids that interact with this vast system. Plant based cannabinoids, like CBD, mimic endocannabinoids and also interact both directly and indirectly with these receptors of the endocannabinoid system. It is through this activity that CBDs therapeutic properties provide a vast array of benefits.
All mammals have an endocannabinoid system; therefore the same therapeutic benefits of CBD for humans also pertain to animals. Of course, CBD dosages and concentrations vary according to the size of the animal. Obviously a horse would require a different concentration and dosage than a cat.
CBD companies produce CBD for pet products that are geared towards the needs of particular animals. Always follow the recommendations of the CBD for pet products suggested by the brand.
From daily skin care to topical pain management, CBD topical products can provide many benefits. The skin, the largest organ of the body, also has endocannabinoid system receptors that topical CBD interacts with to provide everything from targeted pain management to anti-aging! All of the benefits of CBD such as, anti-inflammatory and pain reduction properties are activated at the deep dermal level of the skin. CBD does not reach the blood stream through the skin: however, it does interact with the skin’s endocannabinoid system to provide many benefits from pain relief to healthy glowing skin.
CBD has been shown to be safe to use without the concern of fatal overdose. CBD is non-toxic and non-psychoactive. Most people do not experience negative side effects from CBD; however, some people do experience dry mouth and lethargy.
For anyone taking a prescription medication for any condition, there could be an interaction between the prescription medications and CBD. If you are taking medication please, ALWAYS check with your medical professional before taking CBD.